Daily Current Affairs and MCQs for UPSC - November 06, 2020 (The Hindu, Economic Times, PIB)

NFAI and FFSI Conducts Online Film Appreciation Course in Marathi

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context
  • National Film Archive of India, Pune, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting is organising 15th edition of Film Appreciation Course in Marathi along with Federation of Film Society of India (FFSI).
  • The course is being held online for the first time from November 1 to November 7, owing to the current situation of COVID Pandemic.

Background

  • Renowned film and theatre artist Dr Mohan Agashe inaugurated the Online Film Appreciation Course in Marathi “Chitrapat Rasaswad Shibir” at NFAI.
  • The online course has received a good response with 80 participants from various parts of Maharashtra as well as from the US and Singapore, belonging to different fields such as students, professors and engineers.

Highlights

  • This unique film course in Marathi focuses on the importance of knowledge of film language and grammar.
  • It includes expert lectures on cinema in-depth, history, theories and discussion on cinema. 
  • The course features lectures by prolific film personalities like Samar Nakhate, Deepak Deodhar, Suhas Kirloskar, Abhijit Deshpande, Anupam Barve, Umesh Kulkarni, Shyamla Vanarse, Ganesh Matkari, Ujwal Nigudkar, Abhijit Randive, Rahul Ranade, Sudhir Nandgaonkar and Prakash Magdum.

Source: PIB.

Sports Minister Rijiju inaugurates SAI's new Regional Centre in Zirakpur

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

  • Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju virtually inaugurated Sports Authority of India's (SAI) new Regional Centre in Zirakpur, Punjab, which will now act as one of the main SAI centres for North India.
  • During the event, the Sports Minister congratulated the coaches and athletes who would be training at the new centre.

Background

"The northern belt of India covers a huge region, right from Jammu and Kashmir and Leh to Himachal Pradesh and we are doing a lot of development in this region with the aim of building world-class sporting facilities in India," Rijiju said in a statement.

Highlights

  • Zirakpur is a satellite town, in Mohali District, Punjab, and neighbouring Chandigarh in India. It is part of the tehsil Dera Bassi.
  • It is set on the foothills of Shivalik hills.
  • It is the gateway to Chandigarh from Delhi.

Source: PIB.

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Maharani Jindan Kaur

Focus: GS1

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

Maharani Jindan Kaur, the last wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, is in news for the auction of some of her jewellery at Bonhams Islamic and Indian Art sale in London recently.

About Rani Jindan

  • She was the youngest wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh empire, whose boundaries stretched from Kabul to Kashmir and the borders of Delhi.
  • She was also the mother of Maharaja Duleep Singh, the last ruler of the empire, who was raised by the British.
  • Duleep Singh was five years old when he was placed on the throne in 1843 after the death of two heirs to Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
  • Since he was just a child, Maharani Jindan was made the regent.
  • Not a rubber stamp, she took an active interest in running the kingdom, introducing changes in the revenue system.

Highlights

  • The British declared war on the Sikh empire in December 1845.
  • After their victory in the first Anglo-Sikh war, they retained Duleep Singh as the ruler but imprisoned Jind Kaur.
  • The British tried hard to vilify Jindan as she tried to rally forces against them, but “unlike many others, she did not give in.”
  • The British campaign against her was vicious, describing her as a prostitute, seductress and the ‘Messalina of the Punjab’, a reference to the promiscuous third wife of Roman Emperor Claudius.
  • Jindan believed that if united, Indian rulers could oust the British. 
  • She was in touch with Bhai Maharaj Singh, who tried to rebel against the British after the annexation of the Sikh empire.

Source: PIB.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context
  • It is a disease that causes severe damage to the brain because of repeated head injuries and is linked to memory loss, depression and dementia.
  • Former boxers are most commonly diagnosed with it. 

Highlights

  • However, there have been instances of CTE in many other contact sports like pro wrestling, mixed martial arts, ice hockey, rugby, baseball, Australian rules football and football. 
  • Dementia is a general term for loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that are severe enough to interfere with daily life. 
  • Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia.

Source: Indian Express.

iGOT e-learning Platform

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


Context

The Department of Personnel and Training has announced the launch of a learning platform (https://igot.gov.in) to combat COVID 19 for all front-line workers to equip them with the training and updates in coping with Pandemic.  

About iGOT platform

  • The platform is designed to population scale, and will provide training to around 1.50 crore workers and volunteers in the coming weeks.
  • To begin with, nine courses on iGOT have been launched on topics like Basics of COVID, ICU Care and Ventilation Management, Clinical Management, Infection Prevention through PPE, Infection Control and Prevention, Quarantine and Isolation, Laboratory Sample Collection and Testing, Management of COVID 19 Cases, COVID 19 Training.
  • Through its customized approach COVID-WARRIORS can learn about critical areas from this one-stop source and respond to the prevailing and emergent situations, by keeping themselves updated in a real-time manner. 
  • The platform is well equipped to cater the demands of unlimited requests of learning at any time anywhere.
  • The platform can be accessed by following an easy to use manual for desktop and mobile versions, thereby making it accessible for all.
  • The platform reflects the vision of ‘care for those who serve the nation’ and boost their morale.

Highlights

  • Appropriate trainingwill prepare them for the subsequent stages of the pandemic.
  • By providing training to other potential second line workforce for combating COVID-19, India will be better prepared for the emergent situations. 
  • The target group is Doctors, Nurses, Paramedics, Hygiene Workers, Technicians, Auxiliary Nursing Midwives (ANMs), Central & State Govt. Officers, Civil Defence Officials, various Police Organisations, National Cadet Corps (NCC), Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), National Service Scheme (NSS), Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS), Bharat Scouts & Guides (BSG) and other volunteers.  
  • The platform delivers curated, role-specific content, to each learner at his place of work or home and to any device of his choice.

Source: AIR News.

Six women led startups win COVID-19 Shri Shakti Challenge organized by MyGov

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


Context

  • Six women led startups have won COVID-19 Shri Shakti Challenge organized by MyGov in collaboration with UN Women.
  • MyGov launched the COVID-19 Shri Shakti Challenge in April this year in collaboration with UN Women with an objective to encourage and involve women led startups to come up with innovative solutions that can help in the fight against COVID-19.

Objective

  • The challenge received an overwhelming response with a total of 1 thousand 265 entries, from across the nation.
  • After thorough screening, 25 startups were shortlisted for presentations to the Jury.

Highlights

  • All the 25 selected startups presented their solutions to the Jury which evaluated the solutions proposed by the startups on the parameters that included innovation, usability, relevance and impact of their idea on the society.
  • 11 finalists were chosen for the next stage who were all provided a prize money of 75 thousand rupees each to further develop their ideas.
  • The final presentations were made on 27th of last month.
  • The Jury selected top 3 entries as winners, and in view of the high quality of solutions presented, decided to recognize 3 additional entries as ‘Promising Solutions’.
  • In addition to the earlier announced reward of Rs. 5 lakh for the top 3 winners, UN Women also rewarded Rs. 2 lakh each to the 3 startups chosen for their promising solutions.

Source: AIR News.

PM Modi Praises Puneites Chinmay Patankar and Pradnya Patankar For Their Contributions In Traditional Sport

Focus: GS1.                                

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday, through “Mann ki Baat”, took note of the work done by Puneites Chinmay Patanakar and Pradnya Patankar.
  • The couple has been working hard for the last several years to popularize India’s traditional sport Mallakhamb in the USA.
  • Mallakhamb is an ancient Indian sport in which a gymnast performs aerial yoga postures and wrestling grips with a vertical hanging wooden pole.

Background

  • Chinmay(42) has studied from Bharatiya Vidyapeeth University and SP College as well.
  • He has made his mark in many national Mallakhamb competitions.
  • In 2003, he was honoured with Shiv Chhatrapati Award. 
  • His wife Pradnya (38) also played many competitions of Mallakhamb.
  • She was a student of Modern College.
  • Meanwhile, in 2003, Chinmay quit playing Mallakhamba and decided to teach people the ancient sport of India.
  • However, in 2009 he moved to the United States where he works as a Program Manager in Banking and Finance Services.
  • He was accompanied by his wife Pradnya, who supported him through thick and thin.
  • The couple has now been training 70 people of different ages in the states.

Highlights

  • Sharing his thoughts at the “Mann ki Baat”, PM Modi said, “Many of your games have fascinated the world. One of them is Mallakhamb.
  • Mallakhamb is becoming popular in many countries.
  • In America, Chinmay Patankar and Pradnya Patankar started teaching Mallakhamb from home.
  • There are now several Mallakhamb training centres in the United States.
  • Many young players in America are learning Mallakhamb.
  • This sport is getting good response in 20 countries like Malaysia, Poland, Germany.
  • It will now have a World Championship.
  • Perhaps the present generation does not know much about Mallakhamb.
  • But you can find out about it on the internet”.

Source: Indian Express.

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Test your Knowledge

  1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Mallakhamb:
  • The origin of this ancient Indian sport can be traced to earlier part of the 12th century. 
  • The word malla means a wrestler or an athlete in Sanskrit and can also indicate a verb, such as strong or good.
  • A mention of wrestlers exercising on wooden poles is found in the Manasholas, written by Chalukya, in 1153 AD.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  A. 1 and 2 only
  B. 2 and 3 only
  C. 1 and 3 only
  D. AOTA

Solution: D

  1. Which of the following countries does not border Saudi Arabia?

    A. Kuwait
    B. Iraq
    C. Yemen
    D. Ethiopia

Solution: D



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