Daily Current Affairs and MCQs for UPSC - October 1, 2020 (The Hindu, Economic Times, PIB)

Railway rolls out User Depot Module to completely digitize its supply chain

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


Context

  • Indian Railway has rolled out User Depot Module (UDM).
  • The UDM developed by Centre for Railway Information Systems was rolled out digitally across all User Depots of Western Railway by P. C. Sharma, Member (T&RS) Railway Board.

Highlights

  • This system will be implemented shortly across all Zones of Indian Railways.
  • The implementation of this system will bring in changes from manual working to digital working with real time transactions and online information exchange among all stakeholders.
  • This will ensure digitization of complete supply chain, including user depots.
  • The system will facilitate economy, efficiency and transparency besides improved asset management.
  • It also will ensure improved service level and satisfaction to customers.

Source: AIR News.

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


Context

  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh unveils Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020;
  • New DAP incorporates several measures to boost domestic Defence industry and Make in India.

About the procedure

  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh unveiled the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020 in New Delhi.
  • The first Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) was promulgated in the year 2002.
  • Since then it has been revised periodically to provide impetus to the growing domestic industry.

Highlights

  • DPP aim is to achieve enhanced self reliance in defence manufacturing.
  • Raksha Mantri had approved constitution of Main Review Committee under Chairmanship of DG (Acquisition) Shri Apurva Chandra in Aug 2019 for preparation of DAP-2020.
  • DAP 2020 will be applicable with effect from 01 October 2020.
  • Formulation of DAP 2020 has been done over more than one year.
  • DAP 2020 has been aligned with the vision of the Government of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • It is empowering Indian domestic industry through Make in India The ultimate aim is turning India into a global manufacturing hub.
  • With the new Foreign Direct Investment policy announced, DAP 2020 will encourage FDI to establish manufacturing hubs.

Source: PIB.

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Hydrogen Compressed Natural Gas

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • The Ministry has been notifying various alternate fuels under Clean Fuels for transportation.
  • In a major step toward adopting substitute clean fuel for transportation, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has allowed the use of H-CNG (18% mix of hydrogen) in CNG engines.

Background

  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has also developed specifications (IS 17314:2019) of Hydrogen enriched Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) for automotive purposes, as a fuel.
  • A notification for amendments to the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989, for the inclusion of H-CNG as an automotive fuel, has been published dated 25th Sept 2020 by the Ministry.

About H-CNG

  • The blending of hydrogen with CNG provides a blended gas termed as HCNG.
  • It stands for hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas and it combines the advantages of both hydrogen and methane.
  • The Hydrogen Compressed Natural Gas (H-CNG) is a mixture of compressed natural gas and 4-9 per cent hydrogen by energy. 
  • can be used as a fuel in an internal combustion engine and also for home appliances.
  • As compared to conventional CNG, use of H-CNG can reduce the emission of carbon monoxide (CO) up to 70%, besides enabling up to 5% savings in fuel.
  • Hydrogen has been regarded as a future secondary fuel for power system due to carbon-free operation.
  • Hydrogen is an excellent additive to improve the combustion of hydrocarbon fuel due to its low ignition energy, high reactivity, diffusivity and burning velocity.
  • The blending of Hydrogen with CNG is being treated as the first step towards the future hydrogen economy.

Source: PIB.

Google celebrates, pays tribute to actress Zohra Sehgal with special doodle

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

  • Google on September 29 paid a tribute to iconic actress Zohra Sehgal with a special doodle.
  • The tech giant is known to commemorate special days and celebrate iconic personalities through their creative doodles and has done the same today by honouring Zohra Sehgal.
  • The Google Doodle features a picture of Sehgal across a floral background that says ‘Google’.

Background

  • In their blog, the company mentions that the doodle has been illustrated by artist Parvati Pillai.
  • It goes on to say that the doodle celebrates “one of the country’s first female actors to truly achieve recognition on the international stage.”

About Sehgal

  • Sehgal was born on April 27, 1912 in Saharanpur and her full name was Sahibzadi Zohra Begum Mumtaz-ullah Khan. She died at 102.
  • Sehgal toured internationally with the Indian dance pioneer Uday Shankar and later joined the Indian People’s Theatre Association in 1945.
  • The blog mentions that one of Sehgal’s notable films, ‘Neecha Nagar’ released at the Cannes Film Festival on this day back in 1946.
  • “Widely considered Indian cinema’s first international critical success, ‘Neecha Nagar’ won the festival’s highest honor: the Palme d’Or prize,” says the blog.
  • In 1962, Sehgal moved to London, England and worked in several British television classics like ‘Doctor Who’ and ‘The Jewel in the Crown’.
  • She returned to India in the mid-1990s, and continued working in various films, adds the blog.
  • Sehgal was awarded the Padma Shri in 1998, the Kalidas Samman in 2001, and the Padma Vibhushan in 2010.

Source: Hindustan Times.

Noted filmmaker Shekhar Kapur appointed president of FTII Society & chairman of FTII Governing Council

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

Noted Filmmaker Shekhar Kapur has been named as the President of Film and Television Institute of India, FTII Society and Chairman of Governing Council of FTII.

About Kapur

  • Mr Kapur has directed several films, many of which are critically acclaimed.
  • The Movies include Masoom, Mr. India, Bandit Queen and Elizabeth.
  • Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar said, Mr Kapur, who has a vast experience, will add more value to the Institute.
  • He expressed confidence that everybody will welcome his appointment.

About FTII

  • The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Government of India.
  • It is situated on the premises of the erstwhile Prabhat Film Company in Pune.
  • It was established in 1960.
  • The Centre will set up a new Institute in Arunachal Pradesh as part of an initiative to tap the potential of the North Eastern region.

Source: AIR News.

PM Modi inaugurates 6 mega projects in Uttarakhand, says all-round work of govt making Ganga clean

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.


Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated six mega projects in Uttarakhand under the Namami Gange Mission.
  • He also launched the logo of Jal Jeevan Mission, via video conferencing.

Background

  • The projects include construction of a 68 MLD sewage treatment plant (STP), up-gradation of the existing 27 MLD plant at Jagjeetpur in Haridwar and construction of an 18 MLD STP at Sarai in Haridwar.
  • The inauguration of 68 MLD Jagjeetpur project also marks the completion of the first sewerage project taken up on hybrid annuity mode of public-private partnership (PPP) mode.

Highlights

  • In the past decades, huge initiatives were taken up to clean river Ganga but those initiatives had neither public participation nor farsightedness.
  • As a result, water of river Ganga was never cleaned.
  • In Prayagraj Kumbh, the serenity of Ganga was experienced by devotees from all over the world and now during Haridwar Kumbh, the whole world is going to experience the bathing of the pure Ganga.
  • PM Modi said from its origins in Uttarakhand to confluence point in West Bengal, Ganga has enriched the lives of nearly half of the country’s population, adding that the cleanliness of the river is necessary.

Source: Hindustan Times.

Vice President advises to follow the concept of “Dincharya” and “Ritucharya to maintain a healthy lifestyle

Focus: GS1.                                

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

  • The Vice President, Shri M Venkaiah Naidu today emphasised the importance of a healthy body and healthy mind saying “we have to follow the concepts of “Dinacharya” - daily regimes and “Ritucharya” - seasonal regimes to maintain a healthy life.
  • Inaugurating through a video conference the 14th Edition of FICCI HEAL on the theme “Post COVID Healthcare World--The New Beginning”, the Vice President said the pandemic has taught us the overriding importance of staying healthy, both physically and mentally, the Vice President said and added that fitness coupled with balanced diet was essential to stave off illnesses.

Background

  • Pointing out that sedentary lifestyle was one of the main culprits behind the growing incidence of non-communicable diseases in the country, he urged people to make any form of physical activity like spot jogging/running/brisk walking/ aerobics and stretching part of their daily routine to remain fit.
  • He also called upon the doctors and media to create awareness and educate people to stay healthy and fit.

About Ritucharya

  • Ritu, the season, classified by different features expresses different effects on the body as well as the environment.
  • Ayurveda has depicted various rules and regimens (Charya), regarding diet and behaviour to acclimatize seasonal enforcement easily without altering body homeostasis.
  • The prime principle of Ayurvedic system of medicine is preventive aspect, can be achieved by the change in diet and practices in response to change in climatic condition.

Source: PIB.

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Test your Knowledge

  1. Consider the following statements wrt Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) 2003:
  • Under COTPA, tobacco products need to be sold with graphic health warnings on their packaging and loose cigarettes do not comply with this rule.
  • India is not a signatory to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, whose core tobacco demand reduction provisions include regulating the packaging and labelling of tobacco products and product disclosures.
  • India ratified the WHO FCTC in 2004.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    A. 1 and 2 only
    B. 2 and 3 only
    C. 1 and 3 only
     D. AOTA

Solution: C

  • India is a signatory to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, whose core tobacco demand reduction provisions include regulating the packaging and labelling of tobacco products and product disclosures.

  1. Nagorno-Karabakh region which is in news is located in:

    A. Armenia
    B. Russia
    C. Turkey
    D. Azerbaijan

Solution: D

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