Daily Current Affairs and MCQs for UPSC - September 16, 2020 (The Hindu, Economic Times, PIB)

PM Modi Launches 'Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana', Biggest Scheme For Fisheries

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.


Context

  • ​Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the PM Matsya Sampada Yojana with an estimated investment of ₹20,050 crores for the sustainable development of the fisheries sector in three-four years.
  • Launching the scheme via video-conferencing, he inaugurated the e-Gopala app that will facilitate the provision of a marketplace for livestock and also launched several other initiatives in fisheries and animal husbandry sectors.

Background

  • PM Modi stated that this was the biggest investment made in the fisheries sector since independence, adding that the objective is to double fish exports in the coming years.
  • "The motive behind all these schemes launched today is to empower our villages and make India self-reliant (Aatmanirbhar Bharat) in the 21st century," PM Modi said.

About the Highlights

  • The scheme is being launched in 21 states across the country.
  • Over ₹20,050 crores will be spent on this in the next 4-5 years.
  • Works worth ₹1,700 crores are being started today.
  • Under the scheme, several facilities have been inaugurated in Patna, Purnia, Sitamarhi, Madhepura, Kishanganj and Samastipur.
  • The benefits of the scheme include addressing critical gaps in the fisheries sector, to work towards equipping the sector with the latest technology, to upgrade critical infrastructure, strengthen the value chain and to create employment opportunities in it.
  • The scheme has provisions that would boost the welfare of those associated with fishing.
  • It aims at enhancing fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonnes and increasing fisheries export earnings to ₹1 lakh crore by 2024-25.
  • Most importantly, to make the optimum use of the fisheries sector, the Prime Minister said a new ministry has been formed while other schemes like Mission Clean Ganga and Mission Dolphin will also benefit the fisheries sector.

Source: The Print.

Union Power Minister Lays Foundation Stone Of Kishenganj-Darbhanga 400kv Transmission Line In Bihar

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • K. Singh, the Union Minister of State(I/C) for Power and New & Renewable Energy, laid foundation stone for construction of LILO of Kishenganj-Darbhanga 400kV Transmission Line at Saharsa in Bihar through a virtual event.
  • The execution agency for the ₹ 100 crore worth project is POWERGRID Ltd., a central PSU under Ministry of Power.

Background

  • The Maharatna has played important role in connecting every state and region with national grid, especially in Bihar.
  • The inter-regional transmission systems have helped Bihar in accessing power supply from other states at cheaper rates.

About the Highlights

  • On completion of the Kishenganj-Darbhanga 400kV Transmission Lineproject, Power scenario of the Saharsa district including Supaul, Khagaria and Begusarai districts shall improve.
  • Low voltage problem of North Bihar will be considerably solved and above districts shall be benefited by reliable Power.
  • Saharsa is located in extreme Northern Part of Bihar and is a flood prone area due to inflow of water from Nepal.
  • To improve the Power Scenario of North Bihar area, one 400/220/132 kV substation is being established by POWERGRID at Saharsa.
  • The Substation shall be connected with Patna and Kishenganj through 400 kV Kishanganj-Patna Line.
  • Both Kishanganj and Patna are very far from Saharsa and the transmission line is vulnerable in nature due to so many critical river crossing locations.
  • Central Electricity Authority (CEA) studied the Power Scenario of North Bihar and it has been decided to provide additional connection for Saharsa 400 kV Substation with Darbhanga also.
  • The same is planned to be achieved by construction of LILO of Kishanganj Darbhanga Line.
  • While praising the Powergrid for its efforts Shri Singh said that the Maharatna has played important role in connecting every state and region with national grid, especially in Bihar.
  • The inter-regional transmission systems have helped Bihar in accessingpower supply from other states at cheaper rates.
  • On completion of the Kishenganj-Darbhanga 400kV Transmission Lineproject, Power scenario of the Saharsa district including Supaul, Khagaria and Begusarai districts shall improve.
  • Low voltage problem of North Bihar will be considerably solved and above districts shall be benefited by reliable Power.

Source: PIB.

 

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PM Modi vouches for mother tongue as medium of instruction in schools

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

  • Strongly vouching for the use of mother tongue as the medium of instruction in schools, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that “people trapped in bookish knowledge” often fail to grasp that language is a way to communicate knowledge but not the entire knowledge in itself.
  • Speaking at the ‘Shiksha Parv’, an event organised by the Union Education ministry, Modi also sought to make it clear that while local languages were being promoted in the new National Education Policy (NEP), there was no bar at all on the teaching of English or any other language that can be helpful on the global stage.

Background

  • The new National Curriculum Framework (NCF) would be ready by 2022 when the country celebrates its 75th year of independence.
  • “After the NEP came, there has been much discussion on what will be the language of instruction. Here we have to understand one scientific fact that language is the medium of education, not entire education itself. People caught in too much of bookish knowledge often fail to grasp this distinction. Whatever language the child can learn easily in should be the medium of instruction,” he said.

About the Highlights

  • It should be seen if the child can grasp what is being said in the class.
  • And if she can, how effortlessly that is happening.
  • It should not be that more effort of the child goes into just understanding the language rather than the subject, the prime minister said.
  • Top ranking countries, like Estonia, Ireland, Finland, Japan, Poland and South Korea in the global assessment, PISA, impart primary education in the mother tongue, he said.
  • The language which the children hear at home is the language in which they learn the fastest, Modi said.
  • Learning in another language can be quite stressful for children, he added.
  • The prime minister said that in rural areas, parents cannot even remain connected to their child’s school education when the mother tongue is not the medium of instruction.
  • So, till grade 5, the medium of instruction should be the mother tongue or the local language according to the NEP, he said.
  • There is no bar on teaching or learning any language, be it English or any global language, that helps on the world stage.
  • The report on “Household Social Consumption: Education”, released in July, surveyed 1.13 lakh households spread across over 8,000 villages and 6,000 urban blocks between July, 2017 and June 2018.
  • The National Education Policy 2020 reiterates the three-language formula and suggests medium of instruction in home language at least till Class V.

Source: AIR News.

SCTIMST develops device for prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

  • Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum (SCTIMST), an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology, has developed a device for the prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).
  • The formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs or Deep Vein Thrombosis can lead to life threatening complications.

About the Highlights

  • Ministry of Science and Technology in a statement said that scientists have come up with a device that can facilitate flow of blood from the veins in the legs thus preventing DVT.
  • It said, the device can bring relief to patients affected by prolonged immobility, bed ridden state, post-operative immobilization and paralysis of legs.
  • The Ministry said, such devices which are so far imported cost between 2 lakh to 5 lakh rupees whereas the device developed by SCTIMST team can be placed in the market for less than one lakh rupees.

Source: AIR News.

Hindi Diwas celebrated on 14 September

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Context

  • Hindi Diwas or Hindi Day is observed every year on 14 September to mark the popularity of Hindi as an official language of India.
  • The language was adopted under Article 343 of the Indian Constitution.
  • The first Hindi day was celebrated on 14th September 1953.
About the Day
  • Later, Pt Jawaharlal Nehru announced this day to be celebrated as Hindi Diwas in the country.
  • There are 22 Scheduled languages of India, of which, two are officially used at Union government of India level: Hindi and English.
  • Hindi is the fourth most spoken language of the world.
  • Hindi Divas is celebrated on 14 September because, on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India.

Source: AIR News.

PM dedicates to Nation three key projects related to Petroleum sector in Bihar

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated to the Nation three key projects related to the Petroleum sector in Bihar through video conferencing.
  • The projects include, the Durgapur-Banka section of the Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur Pipeline Augmentation Project and two LPG Bottling Plants in East Champaran and Banka.

Background

  • The Bottling Plants will empower the Atmanirbhar Bihar' by meeting the rising demand for LPG in the state.
  • LPG Bottling Plants in East Champaran and Banka have a combined bottling capacity of 80 thousand cylinders per day.

About the Highlights

  • The Banka Plant will serve Bhagalpur, Banka, Jamui, Araria, Kishanganj and Katihar districts in Bihar and Godda, Deoghar, Dumka, Sahibganj and Pakur districts in the neighbouring Jharkhand .
  • Similarly, the East Champaran Plant will serve over five lakh consumers in East and West Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Siwan, Gopalganj and Sitamarhi in Bihar and Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said gas based industry and petro connectivity will give momentum for development in Bihar and Eastern India.
  • Mr Modi said, 900 crore petro projects will provide ample job opportunities. New industry will be establised after gas connectivity.
  • He said, one crore 25 lakh cyllinders will be filled per year at botting plants in Banka and East Champaran.
  • The Prime Minister said, out of ten projects of petroleum and natural gas projects in Bihar under PM package, seven projects have been completed.
  • Mr Modi said, seven states will be connected through three thousand Km gas pilpeline under Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga Yojana.
  • Prime Modi Narendra Modi said, eight crore people were provided gas connection under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.
  • Mr Modi said, during corona period free gas cyllinders became a boon for poor people.
  • The 193-kilometre long Durgapur-Banka pipeline section is a part of the Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur Pipeline Augmentation Project, for which the foundation stone was laid by the Prime Minister on 17th of February last year.

Source: LiveMint.

Formed 16-Member Committee To Study Ancient Indian Culture

Focus: GS1.                                

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

  • The government has formed an expert committee for conducting a study on the origin and evolution of Indian culture dating back to around 12,000 years ago, Union Minister Prahlad Patel informed Parliament.
  • In a written reply in Lok Sabha, Mr Patel said the 16-member committee will include KN Dikshit, Chairman, Indian Archaeological Society, New Delhi, and former Joint Director General, Archaeological Survey of India, among others.

About the committee

  • "A committee has been set up for conducting a holistic study of origin and evolution of Indian culture since 12,000 years before present and its interface with other cultures of the world," the Union minister of State for Tourism and Culture said.
  • In a reply to another query on the ministry's plans to use the report of the said committee in textbooks for the purpose of educational research, he said at present, there is no such proposal.

Source: AIR News.

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Test your Knowledge

 

  1. Consider the following statements wrt Hind Swaraj:
  1. Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule is a book written by Mahatma Gandhi in 1909.
  2. He wrote this book in English.
  3. The book was banned in 1910 by the British government in India as a seditious text.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    A. 1 and 2 only
    B. 2 and 3 only
    C. 1 and 3 only
    D. AOTA

Solution: C

  • He wrote this book in his native language, Gujarati.

  1. Which of the following conventions deals with protection of Ozone layer?
    A. Brazilian Convention
    B. Vienna Convention
    C. New York Declaration
    D. Beijing Declaration

Solution: B


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