Daily Current Affairs and MCQs for UPSC - October 19, 2020 (The Hindu, Economic Times, PIB)

India to deliver Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhuvir to Myanmar Navy

Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations.


Context                                                                           

  • India will be delivering a Kilo Class submarine INS Sindhuvir to Myanmar Navy as part of defence cooperation.
  • This will be the first submarine of Myanmar Navy.

About Kilo class

  • It is a class of diesel-electric attack submarines that was designed and built in the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy.
  • The first kilo-class submarine was brought into service in 1980 in to the Soviet Navy.
  • Apart from that, the Soviet Union exported around 40 kilo-class submarines to countries including Russia, India, China, Poland, Algeria, India, Iran, Russia, Romania, and Vietnam.

About INS Sindhuvir

  • India has 10 Kilo-class submarines called as Sindhughosh class. 
  • These submarines have displacement of 3,000 tonnes and top speed of 18 knots.
  • The submarines can dive up to the depth of 300 meters.
  • Single submarine can operate for 45 days with crew of 53.

Source: AIR News.

Armed Forces Flag Day Fund

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


Context

The Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare, Ministry of Defence has been working for the welfare and rehabilitation of war widows, wards of martyred soldiers and Ex-Servicemen, (ESM), including disabled by providing financial assistance for their identified personal needs such as penury grant, children’s education grant, funeral grant, medical grant and orphan/disabled children grant.

Highlights

  • This financial assistance is provided out of the Armed Forces Flag Day Fund (AFFDF) for which contributions are received from the general public on the Armed Forces Flag Day (AFFD) which is celebrated on 7th December every year.
  • All citizens of India are requested to connect with the cause of war-widows, ESM, wards of the martyred soldiers and contribute generously to AFFDF in solidarity with our soldiers and their Next of Kin or dependents. Contributions to AFFDF are exempt from Income Tax under Section 80G (5)(vi) of the Income Tax Act,1961. 

Source: PIB.

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Directorate General of Shipping notified as National Authority for Ships Recycling

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Context

  • The Union government has notified Director General of Shipping as National Authority for Recycling of Ships.
  • DG Shipping is designated as apex authority under the Recycling of Ships Act, 2019 for the ship recycling industry of the country and the office of the national authority will be set up in Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Background

Ministry of Shipping in a statement said, as an apex body, DG Shipping is authorised to administer, supervise and monitor all activities relating to ship recycling.

Highlights

  • India is seeking to double ship recycling contribution to the country's GDP to over USD 2 billion post-enactment of the Ship Recycling Act in December 2019.
  • It aims to create around 90,000 direct jobs in the recycling sector.
  • At present, India recycles around 70 lakh gross tonnage of ships annually, while Bangladesh's contribution is 68 lakh gross tonnage.
  • Pakistan scraps ships worth 37 lakh gross tonnage, while China accounts for 34 lakh gross tonnage of recycling.
  • The existing Shipbreaking Code (revised), 2013 and the provisions of the Hong Kong Convention, 2009 are dovetailed in recycling legislation to ensure environment-friendly recycling process of ships and adequate safety of the yard workers.
  • With the enactment of the legislation, India has set global standards for safe and sound environment-friendly recycling of ships, as well as ensures adequate safety of the yard workers.
  • Hoping for an increase in the business, a large number of recycling plots at Alang are obtaining Statement of Compliance (SOC) with the Hong Kong Convention.

Source: PIB.

KAPILA Campaign

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

  • Union Education Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has virtually launched the campaign ‘KAPILA’, which stands for Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness campaign on 15th October 2020.
  • The day was launched in honour of 89th birth anniversary celebration of former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

Objective

  • Through the campaign, the government will spread awareness through educational programs about the importance of patenting an invention, to lead India towards self-reliance.
  • In order to promote awareness in the field, the Ministry has decided to celebrate the week from 15 to 23 October as ‘Intellectual Property Literacy Week’. 
  • Various awareness programs will be organised to create awareness about the system and the importance of the process of applying for a patent.

Highlights

  • The Institution Innovation Council was established by the Ministry of Education in 2018.
  • So far, IICs have been established in about 1700 higher educational institutions.
  • IIC will be established in 5000 higher educational institutions under IIC 3.0.

Source: PIB.

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.


Context

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has paid tributes to the brave Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji on his 350th Jayanti.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur, also called Lachman Das, Lachman Dev, or Madho Das, (born 1670, Rajauri [India]—died June 1716, Delhi), first Sikh military leader to wage an offensive war against the Mughal rulers of India, thereby temporarily extending Sikh territory.

About Baba Banda Singh Bahadur 

  • As a youth, he decided to be a samana (ascetic), and until 1708, when he became a disciple of Guru Gobind Singh, he was known as Madho Das.
  • After his initiation into the Sikh brotherhood, he took the name Banda Singh Bahadur and became a respected, if not popular, general; his cold and impersonal character did not endear him to his men.
  • Banda Singh set out in 1709 to attack the Mughals, conquering large tracts of territory.
  • His pillaging and massacring in the Deccan led the Mughal rulers finally to move against him in force.
  • After an eight-month siege, the fortress town of Gurdas Nangal fell to the Mughals in 1715.
  • Banda Singh and his men were taken as prisoners to Delhi, where every day for six months a few of his men were taken out and executed.
  • When his own turn came, Banda Singh stated to the Muslim judge that this fate befell him justly because he had failed his beloved Guru Gobind Singh. 
  • He was tortured to death with red-hot irons.

Source: PIB.

Kala Sanskriti Vikas Yojana

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Context

  • Culture Ministry issues guidelines for holding cultural events/activities in Virtual / Online mode under various scheme components of – ‘Kala Sanskriti Vikas Yojana’ (KSVY).
  • The guidelines will enable artists to avail benefits under these schemes in virtual mode also and will ensure continued financial assistance to tide over the present crisis.

Background

The Covid outbreak has had a substantial impact on the Performing Arts & Cultural sector with in-person exhibitions, events, and performances either cancelled or postponed.

Highlights

  • Ministry of Culture (Performing Arts Bureau) implements many schemes under its Kala Sanskriti Vikas Yojana (KSVY).
  • In these schemes the grants are sanctioned/approved for holding programs/activities which involve large audience.
  • The aim is to bring all schemes under an umbrella scheme of KSVY.
  • The objective is to promote and disseminate the art & culture of the country by providing financial support to drama/theatre groups/dance groups/ music ensembles/ folk theatre & music and other genres of performing art activities. 

Source: AIR News.

ASEAN PhD Fellowship Programme

Focus: GS2.                                

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Context

Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank virtually addressed the students from ASEAN member states who have been selected for the prestigious ASEAN PhD Fellowship Programme (APFP) funded by the Government of India.

Highlights

  • The ASEAN PhD Fellowship Programme was announced on 25th January 2018, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the presence of leaders of all the ten ASEAN member states.
  • Under the APFP, one thousand fellowships will be provided exclusively to the ASEAN citizens.
  • APFP is also the largest capacity development programme undertaken by the Government of India for foreign beneficiaries.
  • APFP will open many doors to synergies in the field of technology and research for the academicians, researchers and the scientists from India and ASEAN.
  • The students of the ASEAN member states have got the opportunity to study in the IITs, which are among the best global institutions.

Source: AIR News.

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Test your Knowledge

  1. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about interfaith marriages in India:
  • The prevalence of women marrying outside their faith is the highest amongst Muslims with 3.5 % of women having mixed marriages.
  • Punjab has the highest mixed marriages at 7.8 %. 
  • The lowest percentage of mixed marriages is in Bengal at 0.3 %, Chhattisgarh 0.6 % and Rajasthan 0.7 %.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    A. 1 and 2 only
    B. 2 and 3 only
    C. 1 and 3 only
    D. AOTA

Solution: B

  • The prevalence of women marrying outside their faith is the highest amongst Christians with 3.5 % of women having mixed marriages.

  1. Nutri-Sensitive Agricultural Resources and Innovations (NARI) programme has been launched by:

       A. Ministry of Agriculture
       B. Food Corporation of India
       C. Indian Council of Agricultural Research
       D. ISRO

Solution: C

 

 

 

 

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